Neville, Percy, and York, 1461-1485 : a study in the subordination of the North
M.A. Thesis, Kansas State University (1977)
Most scholars have regarded the subordination of the North as a Tudor invention. Rachel Reid, the leading authority on northern history, wrote that between the times of John of Gaunt and Henry Tudor, “No other mess could be found to keep the Marches even nominally under control than to divide them between the Nevilles and the Percies”. It is true that, in a book she published three years later, she modified that view somewhat by giving brief mention to the role of Richard, duke of Gloucester, later King Richard III, in the North; but her conclusion that the Tudors were the first to secure royal authority there remained essentially the same.
Kansas State University