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Red Rover SwStr - History

Red Rover SwStr - History

Red Rover

(SwStr.: t. 786; 1. 256'; dr. 8'; s. 8 k.; cpl. 47; medical dept.
30+; a. 1 32-pdr.)

Red Rover, the Navy's first hospital ship, was a side wheel steamer built in 1859 at Cape Girardeau, Mo. Purehased by the Confederaey 7 November 1861, she served as C.S.S. Red Rover (see II, 560), a barracks ship for the floating battery Neu' Orleans. At Island No. 10, near New Madrid, Mo., from 15 March l 8fi2, she was holed during a bombardment of that island sometime before 25 March and abandoned as a quarters ship.

When the island fell to Union forces on 7 April, Red Rover was seized by the Union gunboat Mound City, repaired, and taken to St. Louis. There she was fitted out as a summer hospital boat for the Army's Western Flotilla to augment li~nited Union medical facflities, to minimize the hazards to sick and wounded in fighting ships, and to ease the problems of transportation—delivery of medical supplies to and evacuation of personnel from forward areas.

Steamers, such as City of Memphis, were being used as hospital transports to carry casualties upriver, but they lacked necessary sanitary accommodations and medical staffs, and thus were unable to prevent the spread oi disease.

Rapid mobilization at the start oi the Civil War had vitiated efforts to prevent the outbreak and epidemic communication Of disease on both sides oi the conflict. Vaccination was slow sanitation and hygiene u-ere generally poor. Overworked military medical personnel were assisted by voluntary societies coordinated by the Sanitary Commission founded in June 1861. But by 1865 typhoid iever, typhus, dysentery, diarrhea, cholera, smallpox, measles, and malaria would elalm more lives than gunshot.

Red Rover, serving first with the Army, then with the Navy drew on both military and voluntary medical personnel. Her conversion to a hospital boat, begun at St. Louis and eompleted at Cairo, Ill., u-as accomplished uith both sanitation and comfort in mind. A separate operating room was installed and equipped. A galley was put below, providing separate kitchen facilities for the patients. The cabin aft was opened for better air circulation. A steam boiler was added for laundry purposes. An elevator, numerous bathrooms, nine water closets, and gauze windou blinds ". to keep einders and

smoke from annoying the sick" were also included in the work.

Barges, housed over or covered with canvas, were ordered for the eare of contagious diseases, primarily smallpox, and were moored in shady spots along the river.

On 10 June 1862, Red Rover was ready for service. Her commanding officer was Captain MeDaniel of the Army's Gunboat Service. Assistant Surgeon George H. Bixby became Surgeon in Charge.

On 11 June, Red Rover received her first patient, a cholera victim. By the 14th she had 55 patients. On the 17th, Mound City exploded during an engagement with Confederate batteries at St. Charles, Ark. Casualties amounted to 135 out of a complement of 175. Red Rover, dispatched to assist in the emergency, took on board extreme burn and wound eases at Memphis and transported them to les6 crowded hospitals in Illinois

From Mound City, Ill., the hospital boat moved downstream again and joined the Western Flotilla above Vieksburg. Through the summer she treated siek and wounded of the flotilla and the Ram Fieet engaged at Vieksburg and along the Mississippi to Helena, Ark. While off the latter point, she caught fire, but, with assistance from the gunboat Benton, extinguished the blaze and continued her work.

In September 1862, Red Rover, still legally under the jurisdiction of an Illinois prize court, was sent to Cairo, III. to be winterized. On the 30th, she was purchased by the Navy

The next day, the vessels of the Western Flotilla, with their officers and men, were transferred to the Navy Department and became the Mississippi Squadron under acting Rear Adm. David D. Porter. The Navy Medical Department of Western Waters was organized at the same time under Fleet Surg. Edward Gilehrist.

In December Red Rover, used during the fall to alleviate crowded medical facilities ashore, was ready for service on the river. On the 26th, she was commissioned under the command of Acting Master William R. Wells, USN. Her complement was 47, while her medical department, remaining under Assistant Surgeon Bixby, was initially about 30. Of that number, three were Sisters of the Order of the Holy Cross. Later joined by a fourth member or their order and assisted by lay nurses' aides, they were the forerunners oi the Navy Nurse Corps.

The work oi these and other volunteers was ecordinated by the Western Sanitation Commission, which also donated over $3,000 worth oi equipment to the ship.

In December 1862 Fleet Surg. Ninian A. Pinckney relieved Fleet Surg. Edwald Gilc}lris1. The administration and strict standards oi day-to-day activities oi the department were so well run under Pinekney from his headquarters in Red Rover,that by 1865 he was able to write "there is less . sickness in the Fleet than in the healthiest portion of the globe."

On the 29th, Red Rover headed downstream. During January 1863, she served with the expedition up the White River. As thc expedition took the Port of Arkansas (Fort Hindman), she remained at the mouth of the river to receive the u ounded. On her departure, she was fired on and two shots penetrated into the hospital area, but no casualties resulted.

From February to the fall of Vicksburg early in July, she eared for the siek and wounded of that campaign and supplemented her medical support of Union forces by provisioning other ships of the Mississippi Squadron with fee and fresh meat. She also provided burial details and sent medical personnel ashore when and where needed.

Red Rover continued her service along the river, taking on sick and wounded and delivering medicine and supplies, until the fall of 1864. In October of that year, she began her last supply run; and, after delivering medical stores to ships at Helena and on the White, Red, and Yazoo Rivers, she transferred patients to Hospital Pinckney at Memphis and headed north. Arriving at Mound City on 11 December, she remained there, earing for Navy patients, until she was decommissioned on 17 November 1865. Having admitted over 2,400 patients during her career, she transferred her last 11 to Grampus on that date. On 29 November she was sold at public auction to A. M. Carpenter.


Red Rover Craft Cider Finds A New Home In Neill Family Farm

The farmland on Fredericton’s north side in Devon will be used as a production facility, taproom, event rental space, farm tours, community activities, and the establishment of apple orchards.

“As only the second family in the farm’s history, we plan to ensure that the heritage of this place will be safeguarded for many years to come. This is one of the few remaining urban farms in Canada. We feel it is important to preserve this local connection to agriculture, community and a shared history,” said Nicola Mason, Co-owner of Red Rover, in a release.

The Neill Family Farm is a landmark that has been passed down for four generations. In 2015, Ron and Albert Neill were presented with the Distinguished Citizens of Fredericton Award for their family farm’s embrace of community and welcoming spirit.

Red Rover Craft Cider says they hope to continue the Neill family’s agricultural legacy and commitment to their community values.

“The Neill Family Farm was established nearly 180 years ago by British immigrants. As newcomers ourselves, we hope to establish a new family legacy that will last at least another 180 years. We are excited to plant the seeds for a bright future for our children,” said Clawson, Co-owner of Red Rover.

Adam Clawson, Nicola Mason (Co-Founders of Red Rover Craft Cider). Image: Ian Miller.

Red Rover is the oldest cider company in New Brunswick. Since incorporating in 2012, their cider has been internationally rewarded and is widely available across Canada and in bars and restaurants across the Maritimes. Mason and Clawson moved to Fredericton in 2007 from England.

In 2020, Red Rover closed their downtown location, the Cider House, to instead run an outlet store out of their production facility, called Ciderworks, at 880 Hanwell Road. They also launched DrinkNB, an online delivery service for cider and beer across the Fredericton area.

The Neill family says they were approached about the Red Rover project in June of 2020 and were happy to see the family recognize the farm’s importance and potential.

“[The Red Rover facility will] provide an opportunity for future generations of Frederictonians to enjoy a local connection to agriculture and a piece of our collective history,” according to the release.

Liam Floyd is a reporter for Huddle. Send him story suggestions: [email protected] .


China's Mars rover Zhurong just snapped an epic self-portrait on the Red Planet (photos)

China's Zhurong rover, which landed on Mars on May 14, has sent a new batch of images to Earth — including a "family photo" featuring the rover together with its rocket-powered landing platform posing for a camera on the rock-covered surface.

The rover took this selfie by dropping a camera attached to its belly about 10 meters (32 feet) away from the landing platform, then positioning itself next to the landing platform, Chinese space officials said. The camera wirelessly transmitted the picture to the rover, which then sent it to Earth via the Tianwen-1 orbiter.

The China National Space Administration (CNSA) released the image together with a 360-degree panoramic view of the landing site that Zhurong took with its navigation terrain camera while it was still atop the landing platform. The CNSA also released a photo of the landing platform taken from about 20 feet (6 meters) afar.

The images show the flat terrain of the huge Martian plain Utopia Planitia covered with small rocks.

The 530-lb. (240 kilograms) Zhurong rover, named after an ancient fire god from Chinese mythology, is part of China's Tianwen-1 mission, which launched in July 2020 and arrived in Mars orbit this past February. On May 14, Zhurong and the landing platform separated from the Tianwen-1 orbiter and touched down, pulling off China's first-ever Mars landing.In addition to high-resolution cameras, the rover is fitted with a subsurface radar instrument, a multi-spectral camera and surface composition detector, a magnetic field detector and a weather monitor.

The rover is expected to spend at least 90 days mapping the area, searching for signs of water ice, monitoring weather and studying the surface composition.

The Tianwen-1 orbiter, which relays data from Zhurong but also gathers scientific data about the planet's surface and atmosphere, is expected to operate for at least one Mars year, which is 687 Earth days

Earlier this week, the CNSA released images from the Tianwen-1 orbiter capturing the Zhurong rover and the landing platform on the surface of Mars.

In the images, a dark area can be seen surrounding the landing platform, which might be a result of the rocket engine firing during the landing, Chinese officials said in a statement. The image also shows bright stripes probably formed by fine dust when the landing platform released residual fuel. The back cover of the entry capsule and the jettisoned parachute can be seen as bright spots at the center of the image. The heat shield can also be seen in the lower left section.

The HiRISE camera aboard NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter also spotted Zhurong, the landing platform and the duo's landing hardware this week.

With the Zhurong landing, China made history as only the second nation to successfully land on Mars after the U.S.

Follow Tereza Pultarova on Twitter @TerezaPultarova. Follow us on Twitter @Spacedotcom and on Facebook.


Red Rover SwStr - History

Red Rover, originally called the Bridal Chamber, was a gold, silver, and copper mine. Original claims were made in 1883 but it is rumored the mine was discovered in 1822. Very little is known of the history of the mine and town but it would seem there were at least a few hundred residents. The town has changed hands many times in the last thirty years and the mines have even been very sporadically operated. It is rumored Red Rover is in the Guinness Book of World Records because the light bulbs in the mine still worked after all these years. It is rumored there is a complete tool shed with all the tools at a considerable distance down the main mine shaft. The mill has crumbled but the wood and foundations remained. The buildings are left as if the people just got up and left in a hurry, still with furniture and even a piano in one building. The first building you come to even had steer horns still mounted on the wall. Many have tried to take pictures of the inside of this building without success. Could be the town is haunted.


Red Rover
Courtesy
Chuck Lawsen


Red Rover
Todd Underwood


Red Rover Mine
Inside one of the buildings at Red Rover
Red Rover


Red Rover
Courtesy
Chuck Lawsen


Red Rover
Todd Underwood


Red Rover
Todd Underwood


Perseverance rover is ready to unlock the history of Mars

(CNN) — For the past month, the Perseverance rover has spent much of its time documenting the flights of the Ingenuity helicopter on Mars. In between those events, the rover has also been taking in the local view and spied a multitude of intriguing rocks.

Now, Perseverance is gearing up to conduct its primary mission: studying Jezero Crater and searching for signs of ancient life on Mars.

About 3.9 billion years ago, the crater was filled with a lake that was fed by a river delta. Now, rocks strewn across the dry lake bed could help scientists reconstruct the history of this area on Mars and determine whether life ever existed there.

Information locked inside the rocks could reveal more about when the lake formed and dried up, as well as at what point sediment from the delta began piling up. Creating a timeline that corresponds with the rocks will help researchers date rock samples that the rover collects over the next two years. These samples, which will be returned to Earth by future missions, could contain microfossils preserving the presence of ancient life.

Recent images taken by the rover show rocks and pebbles scattered across the crater floor, as well as a hill called Santa Cruz located about 1.5 miles (2.4 kilometers) away from the rover.

Jezero is about 28 miles (45 kilometers) wide and located north of the Martian equator. The spot is 2,300 miles (3,700 kilometers) from Curiosity’s landing site in Gale Crater.

Rover’s SuperCam investigates rocks

The rover is outfitted with cameras and instruments that help with its rock investigations, including SuperCam, a laser instrument that has already zapped some of rocks to determine their chemical composition.

Determining the types of rocks in this area is key. If they are sedimentary, like sandstone, they likely formed around water and could contain minerals and sand, silt or clay that preserves signs of past life called biosignatures.

Igneous rocks, which are formed by volcanic activity, provide an accurate picture of when they formed, acting like time stamps.

These rocks have been exposed to wind and radiation over time and covered with layers of sand and dust. In the field, a geologist would crack open a rock to learn more about it.

“When you look inside a rock, that’s where you see the story,” said Ken Farley, Perseverance’s project scientist at the California Institute of Technology, in a statement.

Perseverance can’t quite take a hammer to the rocks around it, but it does have a tool called an abrader on its robotic arm that can grind and flatten the surface of rocks.

Instruments on the rover can then peer inside the rock to learn more about the chemicals and minerals contained within it.

“The more rocks you look at, the more you know,” Farley said.

And the more the team knows, the better samples they can ultimately collect with the drill on the rover’s arm.

Answers in mudstones?

Perseverance, which landed on Mars February 18, discovered the wealth of rocks nearby while helping the Ingenuity helicopter find its first airfield. The helicopter has graduated to a new phase during which it will demonstrate its capabilities over the next 30 days, flying to new airfields and acting like a scout, without interfering with the rover’s scientific operations.

Perseverance will spend the next couple hundred sols, or Martian days, exploring a 1.24-mile (2-kilometer) patch of Jezero Crater’s floor. Members of the rover’s science team believe they will find some of the oldest material on the red planet in the crater.

“These rocks are likely to be mudstones, once mud at the bottom of the lake, and these are very important for our investigation because this is the kind of environment that we expect to be most habitable by organisms that might have existed on Mars billions of years ago, as well as having the capability to preserve biosignatures over the billions of years since,” Farley said.

The rover will collect three or four samples in the area before heading northwest toward the ancient, dry river delta.

Before this collection can begin, Perseverance needs to go through some more checks to prepare its sampling system and driving capabilities. The team estimates Perseverance will collect its first sample in July, said Jennifer Trosper, Perseverance rover deputy project manager at JPL.

Ingenuity will wrap up flight operations no later than the end of August, which will allow the rover team to conclude their science activities and prepare for a communications blackout between Mars and Earth in mid-October, when the two planets are on opposite sides of the sun.

(Copyright (c) 2021 CNN. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.)


Seeking names of nurses on USS Red Rover

I am seeking names of the nurses who were on USS Red Rover.

Re: Seeking names of nurses on USS Red Rover
Jason Atkinson 19.08.2020 14:48 (в ответ на Alessandra Ciampi)

Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!

We searched the National Archives Catalog and located Muster Rolls of Naval Ships, 1/1/1860 - 6/9/1900 in the Records of the Bureau of Naval Personnel (Record Group 24) that includes Muster Rolls of U.S.S. Rattler, 1863-1864 U.S.S. R. B. Forbes, 1862 U.S. Coast Survey Schooner Ready, 1875-1879 and U.S.S. Red Rover, 1863-1865 . These records have been digitized and may be viewed online using the Catalog. The rolls for the USS Red Rover begin on image 59. When viewing the images, you may wish to click on the red PDF icon under the &ldquoDocuments” heading. This will allow you to view muster rolls  as a single file. Once you have done so, you may use the blue download button to download the PDF.  Due to the size of the files involved, it may take a little while for them to load in full. Please be patient.  If you have any problems accessing these files, please email [email protected] .

The muster rolls list enlisted members of the Navy as well as civilian members of the Navy.  Employees of the hospital are indicated either on the far right (under remarks) or on the far left before the name.  Please review the rating column to see the listing for &ldquoNurse” or &ldquoSister of Charity.”  There are also women listed as laundresses. 

Also worth noting is that in the &ldquoPersonal Description” column, under &ldquoOccupation,” formerly enslaved persons are listed as &ldquoContraband.”  Race is also sometimes indicated in the &ldquoEyes, Hair, Complexion” columns.


For more information about the ship, see the article from the Naval History and Heritage Command on the Red Rover .


China becomes only second nation in history to land a rover on Mars

After several months orbiting Mars, a Chinese rover successfully touched down on the Martian surface Friday, making China the second nation, after the United States, to achieve a soft landing on the red planet.

The rover, named Zhurong after the Chinese god of fire, is part of China's Tianwen-1 mission, which launched in July 2020. The landing is a major milestone for China's space agency, which has advanced rapidly in just a few decades.

Few details about the Tianwen-1 mission have been made public, but the Mars probe and its accompanying rover are designed to map the Martian surface and search for signs of life on the planet.

The China National Space Administration said in a statement Friday that the Tianwen-1 spacecraft "has functioned normally" since it's launch last year and has collected a "huge amount of scientific data."

The Zhurong rover landed Friday shortly after 7 p.m. ET in a region of Mars known as Utopia Planitia. The vast, icy plain was also where NASA's now-defunct Viking 2 lander touched down in 1976.

Thomas Zurbuchen, associate administrator for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, congratulated China's space agency shortly after the landing was confirmed. "Together with the global science community, I look forward to the important contributions this mission will make to humanity's understanding of the Red Planet," he wrote on Twitter.

China's Tianwen-1 mission is a key part of the country's lofty ambitions for space exploration. In December 2020, a Chinese probe landed on the moon and subsequently returned to Earth with a cache of lunar samples. As a result, China became only the third country, after the U.S. and the former Soviet Union, to accomplish such a feat.

In late April, China launched into orbit the first module for a planned space station. Rocket debris from that launch later fell back to Earth, crashing into the Indian Ocean and drawing criticism from NASA Administrator Bill Nelson and others over China's handling of the incident.

This year has been one for Mars missions. In addition to China's Zhurong rover, the red planet is playing host to several other new spacecraft. NASA's Perseverance rover successfully touched down on the Martian surface on Feb. 18 and officially began collecting science data this week. Previously, the rover served as a communications base for a tiny experimental helicopter, dubbed Ingenuity, which conducted the first powered, controlled flights on another planet.

In February, the United Arab Emirates' Hope probe also entered into orbit around Mars, making the UAE only the fifth nation or entity to do so. The spacecraft is designed to circle Mars and study the red planet's atmosphere.


Past missions, major discoveries

Since the 1960s, humans have sent dozens of spacecraft to study Mars. Early missions were flybys, with spacecraft furiously snapping photos as they zoomed past. Later, probes pulled into orbit around Mars more recently, landers and rovers have touched down on the surface.

But sending a spacecraft to Mars is hard, and landing on the planet is even harder. The thin Martian atmosphere makes descent tricky, and more than 60 percent of landing attempts have failed. So far, four space agencies—NASA, Russia’s Roscosmos, the European Space Agency (ESA), and the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)—have put spacecraft in Martian orbit. With eight successful landings, the United States is the only country that has operated a craft on the planet’s surface. The United Arab Emirates and China might join that club if their recently launched Hope and Tianwen-1 missions reach the red planet safely in February 2021.

Early highlights of Mars missions include NASA's Mariner 4 spacecraft, which swung by Mars in July 1965 and captured the first close-up images of this foreign world. In 1971, the Soviet space program sent the first spacecraft into Martian orbit. Called Mars 3, it returned roughly eight months of observations about the planet's topography, atmosphere, weather, and geology. The mission also sent a lander to the surface, but it returned data for only about 20 seconds before going quiet.

This February 3, 2013, image provided by NASA shows a self portrait of the Mars rover, Curiosity. NASA's Curiosity rover has uncovered signs of an ancient freshwater lake on Mars that may have teemed with microbes for tens of millions of years, far longer than scientists had imagined, new research suggests.

Over the subsequent decades, orbiters returned far more detailed data on the planet's atmosphere and surface, and finally dispelled the notion, widely held by scientists since the late 1800s, that Martian canals were built by an alien civilization. They also revealed some truly dramatic features: the small world boasts the largest volcanoes in the solar system, and one of the largest canyons yet discovered—a chasm as long as the continental United States. Dust storms regularly sweep over its plains, and winds whip up localized dust devils.

In 1976, NASA’s Viking 1 and 2 became the first spacecraft to successfully operate on the planet’s surface, returning photos until 1982. They also conducted biological experiments on Martian soil that were designed to uncover signs of life in space—but their results were inconclusive, and scientists still disagree over how to interpret the data.

NASA’s Mars Pathfinder mission, launched in 1996, put the first free-moving rover—called Sojourner—on the planet. Its successors include the rovers Spirit and Opportunity, which explored the planet for far longer than expected and returned more than 100,000 images before dust storms obliterated their solar panels in the 2010s.

Now, two NASA spacecraft are active on the Martian surface: InSight is probing the planet’s interior and it has already revealed that “marsquakes” routinely rattle its surface. The Curiosity rover, launched in 2012, is also still wheeling around in Gale Crater, taking otherworldly selfies, and studying the rocks and sediments deposited in the crater’s ancient lakebed.

Together, these missions have shown scientists that Mars is an active planet that is rich in the ingredients needed for life as we know it—water, organic carbon, and an energy source. Now, the question is: Did life ever evolve on Mars, and is it still around?


Is Red Rover Too Rough?

Red Rover has been banned on some playgrounds as too rough. Undoubtedly there have been some injuries associated with the game, but definitely, no more than are associated with organized sports such as peewee football or Little League baseball.

Obviously, the risk of injury is lessened if the kids are close to the same age and size. In addition, three practices should definitely be banned. The first is double-linking by holding each other’s wrists or arms. Only hands should be joined. The second is raising the arms high to “clothesline” the runner. The third is thrusting the joined hands outward so that the runner encounters the equivalent of an outthrust fist.


Astronomy > Piloting Red Rover

Mars is our closest planetary neighbor. That’s why NASA has been sending rovers to Mars for more than 20 years to explore its surface. These small robots collect and analyze Martian rocks. These samples, provide scientists with valuable information about the surface of the red planet.

Your job is to collect samples with NASA’s newest Mars rover, Perseverance. You’ll beam instructions from Earth to Mars. Sound easy? Sending instructions may be a little trickier than you think.

Mars is our closest planetary neighbor. That’s why NASA has been sending rovers to Mars for more than 20 years to explore its surface. These small robots collect and analyze Martian rocks. These samples, provide scientists with valuable information about the surface of the red planet.

Your job is to collect samples with NASA’s newest Mars rover, Perseverance. You’ll beam instructions from Earth to Mars. Sound easy? Sending instructions may be a little trickier than you think.


Watch the video: Red rover (December 2021).