South Wind - History

South Wind  - History

South Wind


The schooner South Wind was purchased on 13 August 1861 at Baltimore, Md., for the "stone fleet" of Civil War fame.

These ships, heavily laden with stone, were sunk in the channel approaches to leading Southern ports in order to block Confederate maritime trade.

On l1 October 1861, South Wind, along with four other vessels, was sunk in the Ocracoke Inlet, N.C., an entrance to Pamlico Sound.

by David Bennett 24 August 2018

A standard tune for many mountain dulcimer players is Southwind, or as we affectionately sometimes call it in Athens Dulcimers, “Anna’s Song“. The original title however is, The South Wind, and is a traditional Irish fiddle tune dating back to the 1700s.

As you probably know that with many songs the tune, or music, is written by one person, while the lyrics may be written by another person at another time. Therefore, in the following account keep in mind that I am relating the stories behind both the melody and the lyrics, and they are separate and distinct from each other.

The “tune” is taken from a song titled, Oh Wind from the South, that was transcribed from the playing of a harper from County Clare in 1792. The song was printed in Edward Bunting’s 1809, Collection of Irish Folk Music. Edward Bunting (1773–1843) was an Irish musician and folk music collector.

From The Fiddler’s Companion, an encyclopedia of fiddle tunes from the Celtic, British and American traditions, an Irish fiddler, Junior Crehan (1908-1998), tells a story about how the air was learned by the west Clare musicians. The tradition tells about a ghost ship bringing back to Ireland the souls of the Irish exiles, called Wild Geese, and mercenaries who had been killed in battle in foreign wars. As the vessel continued around southwest Cork it was driven up the west coast by a southern breeze and the ghosts of the expatriates could be heard intoning this tune, which was picked up by musicians on the coast of Clare who witnessed the event.

In Donal O’Sullivan’s (1893-1973) book, Songs of the Irish, we learn the “lyrics” were originally written in the 1700s, in Gaelic, by Freckled Donal Macnamara (1715–1810) who was homesick for his homeland in County Mayo, Ireland. The text of the song deals with a poet conversing with the wind regarding his longing for his homeland from which he has been banished. O’Sullivan also tells the same ghost ship origins of the melody.

The South Wind

(The Poet speaks)
O South Wind of the gentle rain
You banish winter’s weather,
Bring salmon to the pool again,
The bees among the heather.
If northward now you mean to blow,
As you rustle soft above me,
God Speed be with you as you go,
With a kiss for those that love me!

(The Wind Speaks)
From south I come with velvet breeze,
My work all nature blesses,
I melt the snow and strew the leaves
With flowers and soft caresses.
I’ll help you to dispel your woe,
With joy I’ll take your greeting
And bear it to your loved Mayo
Upon my wings so fleeting.

(The Poet speaks)
My Connacht, famed for wine and play,
So leal, so gay, so loving,
Here’s a fond kiss I send today
Borne by the wind in its roving.
These Munster folk are good and kind.
Right royally they treat me
But this land I’d gladly leave behind
With your Connacht pipes to greet me.

The retranscription of the project will be done through :

Southwind is a practice-based research that combines an artistic approach within a scientific framework. Following the methodology and chronology of a research-action project, Southwind proposes an investigation into personal experience, transcription, disproportion and the production mechanisms of an artistic project.

The project is part of our PhdArts and science research trajectory and all the collected raw data will be processed and used in our PhD research report

Southwind is the project of Maxime Berthou and Mark Požlep.

Here are all transcriptions of this tune considering only the indexed books, listed in chronological order. I have discovered by careful comparison that these are musical matches to this tune as played on the recordings listed above.

Listing of published transcriptions of this tune.
As tune #510 in [1850] Francis O'Neill and James O'Neill. O'Neill's Music of Ireland. [available]
As tune #79 in volume 1 of [B&S] D[avid] Bulmer and N[eil] Sharpley. Music from Ireland. 4 vols.
As tune #6 in volume 1 of [LPTW] Eithne Vallely. Learn to Play the Tin Whistle. [available]
On page 263 of [FF] David Brody. The Fiddler's Fakebook. [available]
As waltz #5 in [Cobb] Dan Cobb. Cobb's Music of Ireland. [available]
As tune #91 in [DM 4] Dave Mallinson. 100 Vital Irish Session Tunes. [available]

If you are considering using the above transcriptions to help you learn this tune, I invite you to check these practical Tips for Learning Irish Traditional Music. See also: So why do you bother indexing books and abc?

South Wind - History

Southwind Gendry blazes PASS split in 1:49.4 at The Meadows

Southwind Gendry solidified his spot as one of the tops in his division Saturday at The Meadows when he blazed a Pennsylvania Sires Stake split in 1:49.4. Literl Lad Hanover captured the other division in the $153,856 event for 3-year-old colt and gelding pacers, known as the Bye Bye Byrd, giving trainer Ron Burke a stakes sweep. Purchased as a yearling for a relatively modest $30,000, Southwind Gendry exceeded expectations as a 2-year-old by winning the PASS championship, the Matron and divisions of the Bluegrass and International Stallion stakes en route to banking $583,069 for owners Burke Racing Stable, Phillip Collura, Knox Services and J&T Silva-Purnel & Libby.

Southwind Amazon wins 100th career race

Muscles For Life and Seeing Eye Single shared the spotlight at Pompano Park on Monday night, each taking top honors in their respective $11,500 Open events, while Southwind Amazon earned his 100th career victory in style, stopping the timer in 1:49.3.

Southwind Amazon finally reached the coveted 100 career win plateau with a splendid 1:49.3 performance in a conditioned pace. The ageless and courageous 11-year-old gelded son of Camluck survived a rough opening panel in :26.1 where he was three-deep before taking charge and then went on to post fractions of :54.3 and 1:22.1 before a :27.2 final panel capped the milestone win..

Southwind Tyrion’s 1:51.1 sets 2CT world record

Southwind Tyrion is now the fastest two-year-old male trotter in harness racing history after his scintillating Grand Circuit score on Friday (Oct. 9) at The Red Mile.

Southwind Tyrion sped to a 1:51.1 victory for trainer-driver Ake Svanstedt, beating Walner’s record of 1:51.3 in the first of three divisions for the $258,800 Six Pack International Stallion Stake Two-Year-Old Colt and Gelding Trot, sponsored by the Six Pack Syndicate and Deo Volente Farms.

Southwind Gendry ties Keystone Classic mark with 1:51.1 win

Fresh off his triumph in the Pennsylvania Sires Stake championship, Southwind Gendry equaled the stake record 1:51.1 in Monday’s Keystone Classic at The Meadows — although he had to repel a pair of serious challengers to do it. Sweet Angel Boy took the other division in the $88,500 event for 2-year-old colt and gelding pacers.

Although Southwind Gendry typically rallies from mid-pack, David Miller quarter-poled him to the point Monday, where he faced determined bids from the first-over Whichwaytothebeach and the pocket-sitting Chase H Hanover. Southwind Gendry downed Chase H Hanover — also the runner-up in the PASS final — by three-quarters of a length, with Whichwaytothebeach third. The time matched the record Dragon Eddy established in 2014.

Southwind Ozzi scores in 1:51 at Harrah's Philly

After being outmatched by the likes of Filibuster Hanover at Pocono, Southwind Ozzi ($4.80) returned to the site of his only prior win to date this year — Harrah's Philadelphia — and delivered a decisive 1:51 score in Sunday afternoon's (Sept. 13) $14,400 top-level pacing feature.

The 4-year-old Somebeachsomewhere landed in midfield in the early stages while Joesstar Of Mia A (Simon Allard) strode clear to control soft early fractions of :28 and :57.2. Before the midway stage, Daniel Dubé angled Southwind Ozzi off the pegs from fourth to gain ground, and gain ground he did. Southwind Ozzi attacked Joesstar Of Mia A up the backstretch and used a :25.4 individually-timed third quarter to seize command. After hitting the three-quarter mark in 1:23.3, Southwind Ozzi opened up a 3-1/2 length lead through the final turn, three of which he maintained at the winning post. Joesstar Of Mia A narrowly held second over Jack's Legend (Pat Berry), who sustained his pursuit after losing cover up the far side.

Southwind Gendry wins PASS at The Downs at Mohegan Sun Pocono

The Always B Miki–Gamblers Passion gelding Southwind Gendry won in off-the-pace fashion in 1:51.3.

Bayfield Beach led the field to the quarter in a sharp :26, with Always A Miki, the top point earner and second betting choice, going to the lead in front of the stands and slowing the half to :55.3. Chase H Hanover, who tucked fourth early from the post 9, came up to pressure the leader, passing three-quarters in 1:23.4 and carrying the fight around the turn until Always A Miki made a break nearing headstretch, briefly bothering Bayfield Beach.

Chase H Hanover continued on after his rival’s misfortune but Southwind Gendry, who had been on his back most of the way, went wide and was the fresh horse late. Chase H Hanover finished one-and-a-half lengths behind the winner and a length ahead of a recovering Bayfield Beach..

Southwind Tyrion undefeated with Wellwood elim win

Undefeated rookie trotters were the stars of the show in Thursday evening’s eliminations for the Wellwood Memorial and Peaceful Way at Woodbine Mohawk Park.

Each event for two-year-old trotters required two $30,000 eliminations to determine the fields for their respective finals, to be held on Saturday, September 12. This year’s William Wellwood Memorial comes with added stakes, as the winner will receive the tenth and final slot in the $1 million (USD) Mohawk Million.

Southwind Gendry provide Miller with a sweep in PASS action at The Meadows

Chase H Hanover and Southwind Gendry each captured a division of Saturday’s (Aug. 29) Pennsylvania Sire Stakes at The Meadows, giving David Miller a sweep of the $213,858 event for freshman colt and gelding pacers. Miller’s big day didn’t end there, as he also won two PA Stallion Series splits and an overnight race to give him five victories on the 15-race card.

Southwind Petyr and King James Express get NYSS wins at Vernon

Vernon Downs played host to two divisions of the New York Sire Stakes for freshman pacing colts and geldings on Friday (Aug. 28) and trainer Mark Harder swept both divisions.

Southwind Petyr (Dexter Dunn) charged late to win the $51,300 first division. With unbeaten American Courage out of the race and scratched sick, it was a wide-open affair.

MUSCLE HILL Filly Ramona Hill Wins The Hambletonian

Canadian co-owned trotting filly Ramona Hill captured the 2020 Hambletonian on Saturday (August 8) at the Meadowlands Racetrack in East Rutherford, N.J. A three-year-old trotting filly by Muscle Hill out of the Lucky Chucky mare Lockdown Lindy, Ramona Hill won for the third time this year in four starts. Her career summary stands at 11-9-0-2 with more than $1.15 million in earnings. She was a $70,000 Lexington Selected Yearling Sale purchase.

In the history of the Hambletonian, only 15 fillies have been able to defeat male counterparts and capture the coveted title. Atlanta was the last filly to do so in 2018.

Ramona Hill (Muscle Hill - Lock Down Lindy) is trained by Tony Alagna for Brad Grant of Milton, Ont., Crawford Farms Racing of Syracuse, N.Y., Robert Leblanc of Austin, Tex. and In The Gym Partners of Staten Island, N.Y.

MUSCLE HILL Filly Sorella Wins The Hambletonian Oaks for 3-year-old trotting fillies

Sorella and driver Yannick Gingras rolled to the front in the first turn and cruised to victory by 1-3/4 lengths over Hypnotic AM in 1:51. Panem, also trained by Takter, finished third. Hypnotic AM and Panem both started from the second tier, with Hypnotic AM in post 12 and Panem in post 11.

Southwind Tyrion stays perfect in Big M’s Garden State

Southwind Tyrion continued his impressive winning ways Friday night (Aug. 7) at The Meadowlands, upping his lifetime record to three wins in as many starts after taking the $60,000 Garden State (sponsored by the Standardbred Owners and Breeders of New Jersey) for 2-year-old colts and geldings on the trot in 1:54.3 over a track labeled ‘good.’ The popular 1-9 favorite swung wide off the far turn and sprinted past his foes through the stretch to record a safe one length win for trainer-driver Ake Svanstedt. Cricket Fashion was second with Red Redemption third.

Southwind Gendry sets mark, Lou’s Pearlman stays unbeaten in Adios Day stakes

Saturday’s Adios Day card at The Meadows was rich with supporting stakes that included a pair of Grand Circuit events for freshmen and two Pennsylvania Sires Stakes for 3-year-old filly trotters. Here are the highlights:

$59,088 Arden Downs — 2-Year-Old Colt & Gelding Pacers

Last week, Southwind Gendry (Yannick Gingras) scored with a covered trip. In the Gov. David L. Lawrence, as this stake is known, he needed no help, powering to the point at the quarter and winning in a stake record 1:51.2. That knocked a tick from the mark set by Yankee Bounty in 2014.

Southwind Tyrion score in NJSS Finals

Southwind Tyrion both found their way to the winner's circle in a pair of $160,000 New Jersey Sire Stakes finals at The Meadowlands Friday night.

In the 2-year-old colt and gelding trot, the Ake Svanstedt trained and driven Southwind Tyrion stayed perfect in two lifetime outings after scoring in a lifetime-best 1:54 coming from off the pace.

The son of Muscle Hill-Taylor Jean was pushed wide into the first turn and took back to mid-pack before emerging from the five-hole approaching the half, flushing cover from Mon Amour, who was looking for a three-race Sire Stakes sweep.

Major Betts’ 1:49.4 fastest in NYSS 3CP splits

Tioga Downs played host to three divisions of the New York Sires Stakes for sophomore pacing colts and geldings at Tioga Downs on Sunday.

Major Betts (Dexter Dunn) rocketed past Splash Brother (Tyler Buter) to take the $38,233 first division.

Major Betts ($10.20) jumped out of the gate and went to the front and led to a first quarter in :26.1. The big favorite Splash Brother went first-over from third and took over the lead with a circuit to go. He led to the half in :53 with Major Betts following in the pocket. As they made the move down the backstretch it was Groovy Joe (Matt Kakaley) to make the first move going first-over from third. He couldn’t make any traction and actually fell back as Splash Brother hit three-quarters first in 1:21.

Southwind Avenger won the other Graduate division in 1:51.3

Southwind Avenger won the other Graduate division in 1:51.3 at odds of 22-1, one of four victories on the night for driver Andy McCarthy.

After a :27.3 first quarter McCarthy gunned the Richard "Nifty" Norman trainee to the point and led past a :56 half before yielding command to Soul Strong. Sitting in the pocket through three-quarters in 1:24, McCarthy readied his charge into the stretch as Soul Strong tired, lunging Southwind Avenger to the front in the final strides to score the upset. Winnerup skimmed the cones for second while Reign Of Honor split horses late for third.

Southwind Chrome wins Meadowlands feature

Southwind Chrome was sent on a mission by his driver Scott Zeron in the $22,500 feature Trot Friday night at the Meadowlands. And he completed it in spectacular fashion.

The 5-year-old son of Chapter Seven-Counter Pointe won a second straight start in the Preferred for trotters, as the razor-sharp Jeff Cullipher trainee scored in 1:50.4 after going a less-than-ideal trip.

Propulsion Dazzles In 2020 Elitloppet

Spectators may not have been in attendance at Sweden's Solvalla race track on Sunday, May 31, but harness racing fans that watched the 2020 Elitloppet remotely from all over the world were provided with a treat.

Although he didn't win his elimination heat earlier in the day, the American-bred Propulsion had impressed while in defeat. He had raced three-wide throughout his elim and had gutted it out in the lane to advance to the final.

Southwind Chrome scores in Big M feature

East Rutherford, NJ — After going off stride just after the half a week ago as the 4-5 favorite on the way to a ninth-place finish, Southwind Chrome rebounded in a big way Friday night (Dec. 6), taking the featured $30,000 Preferred for trotters at The Meadowlands.

Muscle Hill Colt sells for record $1 million at Lexington Selected Sale

Lexington, KY — Damien, by Muscle Hill out of Danae, is a full brother to international $3 million-earner Propulsion as well as stakes-winner Dream Together. He is a half-brother to stakes-winner D’Orsay. He was purchased by Bengt Agerup’s Brixton Medical AB and will be trained by Daniel Reden, who also trains Propulsion for Brixton subsidiary Stall Zet. The colt was consigned by Cane Run Farm and bred by Fredericka Caldwell and Bluestone Farms.

Manchego, Jimmy Freight win at Dayton

Dayton, OH – Manchego not only won the $171,250 Dayton Trotting Derby over a talented field of older male trotters, the 4-year-old daughter of Muscle Hill obliterated the Hollywood Dayton Raceway track record and established a new world record for trotting mares on a five-eighths-mile oval on Friday (Sept. 27) night. The 1:50.1 clocking shaved a fifth of a second off the previous best by both Mission Brief and Emoticon Hanover.

Average Wind Speeds - Map Viewer

This tool shows maps of average monthly wind speed and direction for the contiguous United States from 1950 to the present. Within the tool, click the Overview link in the upper right for information about the maps.

Maps show the average (mean) wind speed as well as two components of wind direction: U-wind represents the east-west component of wind and V-wind represents the north-south component. For each month and parameter, the tool shows the climatological mean wind (average over the previous three decades), observed winds, and wind anomaly (how much faster or slower wind blew compared to the long-term average for that month).

Where did these data come from?

The National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) and the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) used a computer model of Earth's atmosphere and a database of atmospheric pressure measurements from around the world to produce a picture of how Earth's atmosphere has moved since 1948. This dataset is called the NCEP/NCAR Reanalysis. Knowing the difference in atmospheric pressure from one location to another enabled scientists to program the model to compute wind speeds. Colors on these maps indicate the estimate monthly average wind speeds calculated from the Reanalysis data.

What can I do with these data?

You can produce and compare maps of wind patterns across the contiguous United States for any month from 1950 to present. Information on wind speed and patterns is integral to the fields of renewable energy, climate change, and weather preparedness. Users can identify months or trends of unusually high or low wind speeds, or examine the U-wind and V-wind components to look for changes in wind direction.

Wedding Venue and Special Events

A full-service wedding and special event venue, South Wind Ranch is the the unique experience you are looking for. Our breathtaking property offers remarkable views and a picturesque setting for your wedding or special occasion.

Located in beautiful Travelers Rest, South Carolina, South Wind Ranch is nestled on 33 acres of rolling hills with stunning views of the North Carolina mountains, and yet are only a 15-minute drive to Greenville (named one of the Best Cities of the South by Southern Living).

At our wedding venue, we believe in making every detail come to life. While we often host dreamy outdoor wedding ceremonies and barn wedding receptions (with air conditioning and heat for your comfort), South Wind Ranch also makes an ideal location for special events of all kinds. We believe in unique client-tailored experiences, and pride ourselves in delivering the perfect event from corporate dinners to non-profit galas and fundraisers. Every occasion is treated with attention to detail and we tailor the space to whatever you have in mind.

Experiences that Exceed Expectations

Wedding VenueGreenville-TR Area

South Wind Ranch is a Full Service Wedding Venue taking the stress out of creating your vision of the perfect experience.

Our team of professionals listen carefully to understand your dreams and work diligently with a group of hand selected vendors to make them a reality.

As every bride at South Wind Ranch is our utmost priority, we take meticulous care to make your wedding day authentic, stress free, and unforgettable.

Corporate Events and Private Gatherings

Looking for fresh new ways to motivate your employees?
Tired of the same ‘ol events for your team?

Our corporate event venue is exciting and exhilarating with a fresh new angle.

With 33-acres of rolling hills and a 3-acre spring-fed lake, the opportunities to create your fun event are endless. Bring your company’s programs to SWR to host your event…..or let SWR create your fun.

The South Wind (An Ghaoth Aneas)

I first heard The South Wind on Archie Fisher's pivotal folk album "The Man with a Rhyme". His notes simply say that it was composed by Donal Meirgeach MacConmara, a native of Irrul, County Mayo and published in O'Sullivan's "Songs of the Irish" (Crown, New York, 1960). To me it has the sound and feel of an O'Carolan composition though there is no record that I can find of it being his. It's a very peaceful tune whether sung or played as an instrumental.

South wind of the gentle breeze, you banish winter weather
Bring salmon to the pools again, the bees among the heather
If northward now you mean to blow, as you rustle soft above me
Godspeed be with you as you go
With a kiss for those who love me

From south I come with velvet breeze, my word all nature blesses
I melt the snow and I strew the leaves, with flowers and soft caresses
I'll help you to dispel you woes, with joy I'll take your greeting
And bear it to your loved Mayo
Upon my wings so fleeting

My Connaught famed for wine and play so gay, so loyal, so loving
Here's my fond wish I send today, borne on the wind in it's roving
These Munster folk they are good and kind, right royally they treat me
But this land I gladly leave behind
For your Connaught pipes to greet me

Southwind Heaters, Toasty Warm in 90 Seconds

Most folks take climate control in newer vehicles for granted, until they stop working that is. Drivers and their passengers can only realize how valuable air conditioning is when it fails while under a blazing Arizona sun, or heating on a frozen Chicago morning.

In the early days of motoring, staying warm consisted of multiple layers of clothes or portable gas lamps. It wasn't until 1930 that GM pioneered the now-standard heater core that uses a radiator that gets hot coolant from the engine and sends heat into the compartment using a fan. Only thing was back then, it could take up to thirty minutes to get the cab warm on a winters day.

Unhappy with the inefficiency his car heater, Canadian-born Chicagoan named Harry J. McCollum invented a car heater that burned raw gasoline, the Southwind Heater.

According to,

"Two things made it amazing. First, it didn't blow up. Second, it made the interior of his old Chrysler toasty warm in just ninety seconds.

Here's how it worked, gasoline drawn from the carburetor float bowl by engine vacuum was piped through a thin copper tube into a firing chamber, where it was atomized and ignited by a glow plug. The resulting horizontal flame could be adjusted with a knob that controlled the fuel orifice. The flame warmed a finned oven section inside the heater, and an electric fan blew air over the oven and into the car.

Combustion gases were drawn back into the engine intake manifold, again by vacuum. Thermostats made sure that the glow plug turned off after ignition and that the fan didn't come on too soon."

In the early 1930's McCollum took his invention to Chicago's Stewart-Warner plant and demonstrated it to the chief engineer. The company had made speedometers that were first used on original Ford Model Ts, and subsequently became established as a leading supplier of automotive instruments.


Aktion Parks second park, Miami Watersports Complex (MWC) broke ground on July 1, 2014. Miami Watersports Complex is situated on a 90-acre fresh water lake in Miami-Dade County’s Amelia Earhart Park. In late March of 2015, the grand opening of MWC was held in conjunction with the first stop of the Monster Energy WWA Wake Park Triple Crown, a three-stop cable wakeboard series where riders competed for individual titles as well as the Wake Park Triple Crown overall series championship.

Watch the video: South Wind Combustion Heater History (December 2021).