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The medieval crossbow as surgical instrument: an illustrated case history

The medieval crossbow as surgical instrument: an illustrated case historyBURNS, S.J., ROBERT IGNATIUS (University of San Francisco)BULLETIN OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF MEDICINE, Vol. 48., No.8, September (1972)AbstractFrom prehistoric into modern times,physicians have had to arrow wounds. The wars which ceaselessly punctuated man’s progress ensured a stream of victims,to which hunting accidents added their share.
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My Family First: Draft-dodging Parents in the Confessio Amantis

My Family First: Draft-dodging Parents in the Confessio Amantis Kiefer, LaurenEssays in Medieval Studies, vol. 12 (1995)AbstractJohn Gower’s Confessio Amantis is difficult to pigeonhole: a late fourteenth-century Middle English text, it is at once a social complaint, a romance, a dream vision, a penitential manual, and a mirror for princes.
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How the Cult of Robert E. Lee Was Born

The reason the South fought the American Civil War has been contested ever since the Confederacy surrendered in 1865. An odd turn of events, considering that when 11 Southern states seceded from the Union at the war’s outset, they were very clear about why they were doing it.In declaration after declaration, Confederate states explicitly said that they had seceded in order to preserve slavery.
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Ibn Zuhr’s Contributions to Surgery

Ibn Zuhr’s Contributions to SurgeryBy Farid Sami HaddadJournal for the History of Arabic Science, Vol.10 (1994)Introduction: Ibn Zuhr comes from a famous Andalusian family of seven physicians who belonged to six generations. The origin of the bani Zuhr can be traced back to teh Tihamah region of the Red Sea coast of the Arabian Peninsula.
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Barbarians to the Balkans

Barbarians to the BalkansTomaz MastnakPaper given at: Exclusion in and on the Borders of Europe Conference (2008)AbstractBarbarians are always imagined peoples. When, in this paper, I ask the question of when were barbarians settled in the Balkans, I ask the question of when the Latin Christians began to imagine that barbarians lived in the Balkans.
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A View of the Irish Language: Language and History in Ireland from the Middle Ages to the Present

A View of the Irish Language: Language and History in Ireland from the Middle Ages to the PresentBy Steve G. EllisLanguage and Identities in Historical Perspective, edited by Ann Katherine Isaacs (Pisa University Press, 2005)Synopsis: In 1400 Gaelic was spoken throughout most of Ireland, Scotland, and the Isle of Man, with the exception of the Scottish lowlands and small parts of eastern and southern Ireland.
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